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Analysis

September 17 Israeli Elections – Everything You Need to Know

Israeli elections will take place on 17 September 2019. On this page you can find BICOM’s regular poll of polls, campaign updates and analysis of the parties and politicians.

On May 29, the Israeli Knesset voted to dissolve itself triggering a new election after Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu failed to form a governing coalition. Elections will take place on September 17, less than six months after the April 9 elections. What happened? Read BICOM’s analysis

Read our recent election bulletins:

Where do the parties stand on major political issues? Read our useful roundup of the parties, politicians and key policy platforms

Latest Polling Data*

Green – Arab  | Red – left-wing  | Orange – centrist |  Blue – right-wing | Black – ultra-Orthodox 
*According to numbers based on aggregate polling,July 31 – August 15

How the parties and their leaders are shaping up* 

*According to numbers based on aggregate polling, July 31 – August 15

61 is the magic number

Current polls suggest that neither Netanyahu or Blue and White leader Benny Gantz will have enough seats and allies to form a 61-seat majority. Gantz says he would consider forming a national unity government with Likud, but only if Netanyahu were no longer leader because he refuses to serve with him if he is facing a corruption trial.

The right-wing / ultra-Orthodox alliance supporting Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was broken up by the disagreement over ultra-Orthodox conscription. Yisrael Beitenu leader Avigdor Lieberman has vowed to support a ‘national-liberal’ unity government after the elections involving the Likud and Blue and White but without the ultra-Orthodox parties.

Our latest podcast

All of our podcasts on the Israeli elections can be found here

Selected campaign videos

One of Netanyahu’s main campaign slogans is that he is in a ‘different league’ to any other Israeli leader. In a recent campaign video, Netanyahu is shown having meetings with US President Donald Trump, Russian President Vladimir Putin and the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi with each image featuring the same slogan: ‘Netanyahu: a different league’. The video featured shots of posters (pictured above) showing Netanyahu shaking hands with Trump, Putin and Modi, which can be seen hanging outside the Likud headquarters in Tel Aviv.

  • The Blue and White party responded by photoshopping the posters, saying Netanyahu was in a ‘different league’ in ‘surrendering to terrorism’ (pictured) and in the budget deficit.
  • Peace Now responded with posters of their own show Netanyahu giving money to Hamas Leader Yahya Sinwar (pictured) – the Government of Israel allows Qatar to send $15m a month to Gaza. Another poster shows Netanyahu with Jewish Power leader Itamar Ben-Gvir who has a photo of Baruch Goldstein on his wall at home. Goldstein murdered 29 Palestinians in Hebron in 1994

Netanyahu recently overtook David Ben Gurion as Israel’s longest serving Prime Minister. In this campaign video Netanyahu is cooking, and discusses Israel’s first start up in the 1950’s petitim (Israeli couscous) created from wheat because there was a shortage of rice. He concludes that since then Israel has turned into a technological superpower “from Waze to Iron Dome”

  • Stav Shaffir responded to Netanyahu’s cooking video asking “Why don’t you tell us what you plan for the day after the elections?” Shaffir attacks Netanyahu for appointing ministers who support conversion therapy for homosexuals and apartheid in the West Bank,  adding “I know its hard for you to admit that Ben -Gurion did many other things other than creating Israeli couscous.” When Netanyahu mentions Waze she brings up an article on her phone that the CEO supported her in the Labour party primaries. And when Netanyahu discusses Iron Dome she says “I’m pretty sure someone else was responsible for that” (Labour leader Amir Peretz)

Avigdor Lieberman and Netanyahu continue to fight over so-called Russian votes. This campaign video ‘a tale of Ali-Bibi’ from Lieberman shows Netanyahu promising public housing in 2011 and saying exactly the same thing 8 years later in 2019. The video argues that Netanyahu just keeps talking, and that a vote for Lieberman’s party on September 17 will mark the end of ‘Bibi’s tales’ .

Blue and White’s campaign video argues that rather than prioritising the State of Israel, Netanyahu prioritises himself. This ad shows a TV interview in which Netanyahu flatly denied he would propose new laws to grant him immunity from prosecution before showing news clips where Netanyahu allies say he planned to introduce such laws. It concludes “Netanyahu only cares about Netanyahu”

Yisrael Beitenu has published campaign videos attacking Netanyahu for being overly supportive of religious parties In a video from June 23, Lieberman claims that a vote for Bibi is a vote for a religious government with ultra-Orthodox while a vote for Blue and White will lead to a government with both ultra-Orthodox and Arab parties. A vote for Yisrael Beitenu however will lead to a national liberal unity government. Another campaign video from July 1 shows Netanyahu in side locks surrounded by far right and ultra-Orthodox politicians, with the argument that rather than representing a ‘strong right’, Netanyahu is promoting a ‘strongly religious right.

Best Cartoons

This Yediot Ahronot cartoon (30/7) shows Shaked, Bennett, Peretz and Smotrich driving off together leaving the unwanted baby Ben-Gvir (of Jewish Power) outside Netanyahu’s door.

A cartoon in Maariv (28/7) shows the Democratic Union as a ‘mega Zord power ranger’, comprised as it is of so many different parts. Ehud Barak was one of the main promoters of the union, but his unpopularity among many in the Israel public and his ties to disgraced millionaire sex-offender Jeffrey Epstein led to him choosing (or being encouraged to choose) number 10 on the list. The cartoon shows Barak – who is tucked away out of sight – saying “what a great merger I put together eh?” with everyone else telling him to “be quiet”

A cartoon in Yediot Ahronot (28/7) shows celebrations of the Democratic Union annoying their downstairs neighbours – Peretz and Levy-Abekasis.

 

This Haaretz cartoon (26/7) shows a marriage of Shaked (New Right) and Peretz (Jewish Home) with Netanyahu trying to replace Shaked with Itamar Ben-Gvir, of Jewish Power

The newly formed Democratic Union also presented a stark choice to Itzik Shmuli, number 2 on the Labour list. This Haaretz cartoon (26/7) presents a horse cut in two with one side (bleeding profusely) including Peretz and Levy-Abekasis, and the other featuring the leaders of the Democratic Union.

A cartoon in Yediot Ahronot (26/6) shows a three-way marriage between Meretz’s Nitzan Horowitz, Labour’s Stav Shaffir and former Prime Minister Ehud Barak, with Shaffir stamping on the glass (a tradition at a Jewish wedding) with the word ‘Labour’ on it.

This Maariv cartoon (22/7) shows Peretz inviting Levy-Abekasis onto a tree branch he is simultaneously sawing off: “Sit next to me and we will embark on a new direction” he says

Israeli media has focused on the significance of Ehud Barak’s return to politics. A Maariv cartoon (July 8) shows Ehud Barak parachuting onto a small melting ice cap on which the leaders of Blue and White, Labour and Meretz stand while telling them to ‘make space’. While Barak claims his entry into the race will increase the size of the centre-left bloc, others argue that he will further divide it, making it more likely a party wont pass the electoral threshold. Yediot Ahronot’s cartoon (July 9) ‘who will grab the wheel?’ also relates to Barak’s entry, showing him trying to hitchhike a ride from Amir Peretz, the new leader of the Labour party, but asking to drive. Barak has called for alliances between parties, but many believe his intention was to lead it himself (something Barak denies).

A cartoon in Haaretz (July 12 ) displays the various conversations with different leaders – Amir Peretz of Labour, Nitzan Horowitz of Meretz, Tzipi Livni formerly of Hatnua which together with Labour ran as the Zionist Union in 2015 and gained 24 seats), and Ehud Barak – over potential mergers.

Discussions of mergers have also continued within the right wing, with Ayelet Shaked – the former Justice Minister who ran as number 2 on the New Right list in April – considered to be most popular among the wider Israeli public. A Yediot Ahronot cartoon (July 7) suggests Shaked will ‘return to her roots’ and run with Naftali Bennett and the New Right rather than with Likud or Jewish Home. And Maariv (July 9) shows leaders of the right wing parties (New Right and United Right) trying to win Shaked’s affections, as Tzipi Livni (who was rumoured to be re-forming the Zionist Union with Amir Peretz’s Labour) looks forlornly on.

In late May, as negotiations over forming a coalition stutter on, and as the coalition parties consider voting for new elections (rather than allowing a different MK the opportunity to form a coalition) a Haaretz cartoon shows Yisrael Beitenu leader Avigdor Lieberman sitting calmly as Netanyahu leads his coalition partners off a cliff and Yediot Ahronot portrays a train wreck driven by Netanyahu.

 

Rumours emerged that in an effort to form a coalition Netanyahu offered a number of ministies to the Labour party, Prime Ministerial rotation to Benny Gantz and a variety of incentives to the Arab parties. This Haaretz cartoon (June 27) shows Netanyahu going through different cases – each one with a different ministry on them – while calling ‘a horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse’ as Gantz Arab leader Aymen Oden and Labou leader Avi Gabbay look on. A cartoon in Maariv (June 26) shows Netanyahu the painter in front of a colourful canvas with contradictory messages on it (elections now, cancel election, rotation etc) with the artist explaining ‘everyone sees what they want to see’.

The Blue and White party have been criticised for the absence of an aggressive strategy against Netanyahu and Likud. In this Haaretz cartoon, Yair Lapid promises to ’embitter’ the lives of the government but his partners party seem unimpressed – with leader Benny Gantz responding ‘but not today’. In late June, former Prime Minister Ehud Barak announced he was returning to politics. As Barak begins forming his party, Yossi Verter in Haaretz argues that of all ex-generals vying to replace Netanyahu, only Barak has the energy, aggression and venom. Taking a different perspective, Maariv suggests that Barak is leading his supporters off a cliff, perhaps based on the argument that taking votes away from Blue and White will make Netanyahu the more likely candidate to have crack of the whip at forming a coalition.