Camp David Accords


The Camp David Accords, mediated by US president Jimmy Carter, brought together Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian president Anwar Sadat to negotiate a framework agreement that led to the Israel-Egypt peace treaty (signed in 1979). The negotiations – which were based on UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 – were concluded by the signing of two frameworks.

The first agreement (the ‘Framework for Peace in the Middle East’) established a framework by which to pursue a negotiated peace between Israel and the Arab states and their neighbours. It offered a gradual approach, by means of an interim agreement. In addition, it established a format for conducting negotiations for the establishment of an autonomy regime in the West Bank and Gaza for the Palestinians. The second agreement (the ‘Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty Between Egypt and Israel’) stipulated a full Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt promised full diplomatic relations with Israel, and to allow Israeli passage through the Suez Canal, the Straits of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba.

View the Camp David Accords