Performance-based Roadmap to a Permanent Two-State Solution
On 30 April 2003, the US State Department released the text of the Performance-based Roadmap peace plan for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It was issued under the auspices of the Quartet – comprised of the United Nations, the European Union, the United States and Russia. The Roadmap specified three phases, with timelines, target dates and benchmarks, aimed at bringing Israelis and Palestinians towards the ultimate goal of a comprehensive and permanent settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The first phase included a halt to violence on both sides, Palestinian political reform, and a halt to Israeli settlement construction. The second phase referred to the option of a Palestinian state within interim borders. The third phase was for a final status agreement to end the conflict. The Roadmap also called for progress towards regional peace, with normal relations between Israel and Arab states. Though both sides accepted the Roadmap in principle, it was not successfully implemented.