With the regime in Iran facing both a globally scrutinised domestic rebellion and fierce American and European anger at its support for the Russian invasion of Ukraine, it is increasingly under diplomatic isolation. Simultaneously, Tehran is accelerating the pace of its march towards a nuclear weapon and continuing its aggressive non-nuclear regional operations. Meanwhile, four and a half years on from then-President Donald Trump’s withdrawal of the US from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), and despite the Biden Administration’s willingness to pursue a renewed diplomatic solution, efforts at a new deal curtailing the Iranian nuclear programme have hit a dead end.
This paper assesses Iran’s latest activity – its regional aggression, nuclear programme, and responses from the international community.
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