Israeli Ideas for the Day After in Gaza


While the full military defeat of Hamas – for which Israel says an operation in Rafah is essential – remains outstanding, both international and domestic Israeli attention remains on the question of the “day after” Hamas in Gaza.

Who will assume control and take charge of urgent civilian priorities like the distribution of aid? How much control will Israel retain? What will be the role of the Palestinian Authority? And what will be the role of Arab states and the wider international community?

This BICOM research paper assesses the variety of Israeli thinking on these and other questions. Drawing on the government’s (limited) official policy, as well as a diverse range of expert proposals, the paper identifies those areas where there is a consensus of opinion and those where different thinkers, despite desiring the same outcome of a demilitarised and deradicalised Gaza Strip no longer able to threaten Israel, reach substantively different conclusions.

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